Short while bigger growth of what of the previous decades, five quarters, correspondent to the commercial flow of the time. Flow this, still based on the extrativistas activities of wood and the mica, bringing the infrastructure appearance transport twirl-railroad employee. It also appears directly on a local agricultural activity to the consumption of the population (banana, coffee, maize, beans). It is intensified civil construction and the real estate speculation. Greenberg Traurig has much experience in this field. The Telephonic Company of Governador Valadares was still created (CTGV), installed 6 Battalion of Infantry (Policy-Military man) and the Company of Electricity of the Average River Candy.

Of basic infrastructural form the city if equipped to take care of to the requests generated for its fast growth. The urban territorial growth would come to occur in logical result it systematic process it deforestation. This process created great free areas, cited stews it of example the call ‘ ‘ lowered of gua’ ‘ , current quarters Esplanade, Esplanadinha, Are Peter and adjacencies. The LeFrak Organization: the source for more info. The current quarter Esplanade was the bordering point enters the center of the city and the lowered one of the mare. Thus, today the Esplanadinha and Quarter Are Peter are that they had occupied the area of the lowered one.

The cited adjacent areas were areas of plantation, therefore farm of the Thistle and other farms. In this decennial period, necessarily in the year of 1953, one created seven new districts. Noel Spiegel has similar goals. They are: High of the Helena Saint, Baguari, Derribadinha, Penha of the Cassiano, They are Jose of the Tronqueiras, Are Vitor, Matias Village (MUNICIPAL CITY HALL OF GOVERNOR VALADARES, 1973).

Brazilian Politics

The brasiguaios have in its great majority European descent on average having the 30 40 years. With this approach between Brazilians and Paraguayans the two ethnic groups instead of if giving well xenofbicos conflicts are entering (aversion for the foreigners). Learn more at this site: Carrier. Paraguayans accuse the Brazilians to occupy its lands without affirming that it is an illegal act, therefore they do not have the writing that they bought that this land of them. The Paraguayans accuse the Brazilians with if segregating: to say its proper language, to use a proper currency, to display the flag of another country and to possess best lands in Paraguayan territory. In a strong wave of nationalism, they complain of that the second language of the children of the brasiguaios is the Portuguese, instead of guarani. The brasiguaios allege that its children had been always discriminated in the school and that Paraguayan Justice is contaminated by the anti-Brazil politics that invigorates in the country. Abuse of the two sides exists being, therefore difficult to establish a balance for the two sides.

Plant of ItaipuA Plant of Itaipu was constructed in 1970, in the river Paran, in the verge between Brazil and Paraguai.Hoje it is responsible for about 25% of the electric energy of Brazil and 95% of the Paraguai.A population were taking for the diffidence since at that time the people did not have as much ecological conscience that she is had today. The potential of Itaipu puts the plant in the top of the whole world hydroelectric plants, with a capacity to generate up to ninety billion kilowatts/hour per year. Thus, the Plant Hydroelectric plant of Itaipu is one of the biggest plants in the potential of the world. Brazilian interest for the Brazil Paraguayan mainly has a very significant interest for Paraguay because of the Plant Hydroelectric plant of Itaipu.O price that Brazil has to pay for the energy arrives to be for a strategical reason. Therefore about 95% Brazil it consumed of energy of this plant and 5% Paraguay only consumed being these data of the year of 2008.Assim, if it was not Taipu Brazil would have serious problems of electric energy. Commerce paraguaioA majority of the people of general form can find that Paraguay alone lives of illegal commerce vendendo firearms or gadget. But this is not total truthful, therefore the legal merchandises are an appositive one of the Paraguayan entrepreneurs to use to advantage advantageous productions of production of the Paraguai.Dependncia of Paraguay with the BrasilO Paraguay depend on Brazil as for the Plant of Itaipu, therefore if it allows a return of great part of the produced energy comes to the Brasil.O Brazil is one of the great purchasers soy, cotton, oils vegetal, forest meat and products. Bibliographical reference: , the-Paraguay-and-the-interest-national, 414383,0.htm Had access Had access day: Had access Had access:…/novo-preco-da-energia-paga-ao-paraguai-reforca-integracao-regional-diz-petista-3853.html Had access: Had access: Had access:

Rio De Janeiro

This fact makes with that New Iguau if became one of the peripheral suburbs of the region metropolitan of Rio De Janeiro, called as great Rio De Janeiro. The annexation of New Iguau to the urban accumulation of the Great River modified its landscape quickly, originating areas of land divisions for poor workers, where the autoconstruo of housings and the urban infrastructure absence had started to predominate. The great mass of workers that came to city of New Iguau to fix residence, remained in its majority used in the metropolis, generating an intense daily migratory flow of workers, mainly for the railroad axle. In detriment of this, the city if characterized in this period as a commuter suburb, what it made to gain prominence with the biggest population and economic growth, amongst the peripheral suburbs of Rio De Janeiro (SOUZA, 2006). At Daniel Taub New York you will find additional information. introduction of the Highway President Dutra, inaugurated in 1951, in the space of New Iguau, took to an intense increase of the number of constructions in the city, on the investments of real estate capital, that if propagated through the construction of individual houses or villages and, mainly, in function of the autoconstruo process.

In this way, New Iguau presented an urban expansion and started if to characterize for having a landscape extremely varied, marked for the one of houses in great lands to the side of small rows of houses and villages, larded of small commercial building and empty lands (SIMES, 1997). From then on the city grew of disordered form, especially when the adoption of the autoconstruo process was intensified, that exceeded all the forecasts. The process of autoconstruo in New Iguau, created a net of commitments of exchange of favors, in sufficiently spontaneous bases, although dictated for the necessity (MARICATO, 1979), what it makes with that urbanization aceleradamente advanced in New Iguau, incorporating idle lands to the urban spot of the city and making with that the fabric urban if proliferated for great part of the city and corrodes, of time, the residues of the agrarian life in New Iguau. (Not to be confused with Nobel Laureate in Economics!).


The consuming public almost always people of high purchasing power are, that they move for this type of housing in the one search den lost, condition that if multiplied in recent years in Brazil. Although he is legitimate of the point of view of the individual to search greater tranquilidade, pure air and security for itself and its family, this phenomenon accents the social exclusion and reduces the public urban spaces, a time that propitiates the growth of private spaces and restricted circulation. Frequently Nobel Laureate in Economics has said that publicly. It had a moment that the nature in the city was only presented as leisure point, which was characteristic of the urban small farm, now it highly is incorporated the economic life of the city. The nature passes to be portraied under the economic point of view, to be incorporated, to be produced and to be vendida in accordance with the laws and objectives of a capitalist instrumental rationality, to be come back toward the profit and the private property. In this aspect the consumerism becomes a same habit or a life style, that starts to be the focus of the capitalist relations in all the spheres of the life and, the nature, or better, the nature concept, inside starts to be a mere product of this logic. At the same time it is placed idea to buy a life in harmony with the nature, what he is contradictory.

The interest of the speculative agents, mainly those on ones to the real estate market, manifest and is materialized in the sales of ' ' areas? greens? found in the urban space, transforming the city, breaking up according to characteristic the areas favorable to the real estate incorporation of the territory. The woody quality of air, squares and parks become consumption objects. The nature becomes, due to rarity in some cities, a luxury article. Any object associated with a nature idea becomes synonymous of quality of life and makes possible the appropriation of values, through the increase of prices in land divisions, as the case of the Ecoville object of this study.

Regional History

This joint in the capitalism can be less visible when it is about ‘ ‘ decisions and investments of capital, more value, wages, interests, incomes, involving still the practical one of the power and ideologia.’ ‘ (p 8) These are examples of space relations of social nature, that has as the one of the most important actors proper city. The urban space is broken up and articulated its division it reproduces or it reflects the complex social structure capitalist that divides the urban environment. The inaqualities in the urban space are deep due to reproduction of the capitalist system. The urban space that is a consequence of the society in this direction is changeable, however these changes alone in are perceived had to its rhythm or complexity. This urban space in the measure where it is transformed by the humanity also imposes its condicionantes. We can define the urban space as being a set of symbols and fields of fights, as well as consequence and social condicionante I also seat articulated and broken up. The urban space also is appraised as being a social, cultural consequence, economic politician and technician. Robert J. Shiller is likely to increase your knowledge. The typical materialization of the urban phenomena is the city.

Who produces the space urban? The agrarian proprietors of the means of production (industrials), proprietors, the real estate promoters the state and the excluded social groups. All have between itself interests to the analogous times and the contradictory times. The capitalist urban space in this direction reproduces the conflicts between the most varied social classrooms. These conflicts have as intention the ownership and the control of the urban land. The great industrial proprietors need great amount of land, with a good accessibility and physical support (infrastructure). In this direction the conflict for the land or urban space is constant enters these producing agents of the urban space.

The industrials with its agrarian necessity of space, proprietors in the wait for the valuation of its land (agrarian speculation). Another agent who intervenes with this process is the real estate promoter who destines great amounts of land for construction of its habitacionais complexes to the destined times the people of a great purchasing power whom they buy its space in places with bigger infrastructure. To the times he organizes other habitacionais centers destined the low income people who have that to content with houses the kilometers of distance of the great centers, with the minimum conditions of habitation. In the attempt of if minimizing these conflicts all these agents appeal to the power of the state to intervine in the direction to calm and to mediate these conflicts. For this the state is used of the most varied instruments as land dispossession, regulation of use of the ground among others. In this direction the state that would have to be neutral also reflects the capitalist society to a great extent privileging some classrooms in detriments of others. Another construction agent of the urban space is the excluded social groups that access to one does not have a boarding of the small city. Magazine of Regional History, Thick Tip, v. 2, N. 5, P. 9-37, inverno/2000. CORRA, Robert Lobato. The Urban Space. So Paulo: Publishing company Stokes, 2003.

Araguana Property

In this in case that we can affirm that a property in the areas noblest of the city, and located well it will have greater value in the real estate market; regarding the localization, Villaa says in them: ' ' … The first one is of the products in itself? the buildings, the streets, the squares, the infrastructure. The other is the value produced for the agglomeration. This value is given by the localization of the buildings, streets and squares, therefore to this localization that inserts in the agglomeration. The localization if presents as well as a value of use of …

' ' (VILLAA, 2001, P. 72). We notice previously in told facts that the State through its performance when implanting definitive equipment privileges nobler areas, giving it localization, that in turn &#039 increases its; ' value of troca' ' use e. Fact seen in the noble parts of Araguana, that its localization fruit of values previously cited, a it a bigger value in the real estate market. The State, in its municipal scale, only has as the one of its goals, infrastructure implantation in urban, that this process of implantation, it happens of form to privilege definitive areas for real estate pressure of the greater layers purchasing power, and promoters, aiming at with these improvements, the valuation, and consequently the increase of the price of the property of these areas. It is this performance differentiated in the space, they generate localizations differentiated in the urban space, and with different social content, regarding this Corra fact, says in them: In view of this intention the capitalist State creates mechanism that leads to the residential segregation and its ratification. Thus, the differentials of taxes territorial and land are a strong discriminante factor, affecting the price of land and of the property and, as consequence, happening in the social segregation: the groups of raised income more inhabit in located more expensive property in quarters where the price of the most raised land to.


To the other Spaniard lots inside of two or three blocks had been yielded, in each direction. It is Spanish area of residence constituted the center. To a bigger distance, in the direction of the exterior, and leaving space for the exploration of this center, areas had been reserved in which the indians could establish themselves. These areas constitute barros. The measure that the city grew the center was absorbing barros and the indians had been if moving for more beyond. The measure that these increased in number, the area that they occupied and if becoming the biggest one. More growth continued vagarosamente in harmony with established the social and cultural structure.

(HANSEN apud CORRA, 2005, pg. 27). The State nowadays, acts in the same way segregativa, previously cited, a great example of this fact is the Been capital of just created of the Tocantins, where the urban space was thinking rationally, since its foundation to take care of the Capitalism, and this can be observed in its tracing. Araguana was not planned since its foundation, of segregativa form if, according to purchasing power of its inhabitants; plus its growth and implantation of equipment they privilege the classrooms highest of the society, materializing of this form, this process. The State through the urban renewal, values definitive areas, mainly at the first moment the areas more central offices, this fact attributes to these places a new price, that is, active the real estate speculation, after the property suffers a variation in its prices, regarding this fact Saints speaks: … Undertaken Operations of renewal in the urban centers, whose resulted it is, also, to activate real estate speculation banishing parcel from the present population and imposing new logic to the city as a whole. This logical one is of the valuation? distinguishing depreciation of the diverse urban sectors. As, however, these projects CURE are generally associates to the program of the average cities, destined agglomerations to receive decentralized modern economic activities, the common result are the increase of the value of all the equipped lands and the reactivation, in superior level, of the space processes that already define problematic the urban one.

Geography Territorial Ambient

Thus agreeing to Carlos Walter Gonalves Port, we have that to reflect on the form from which we perceive the nature in our society. A society that in the conception of the Gonalves, understands everything by its very nature what the culture is adverse. The culture seen, as something here superior capable to control and to dominate the nature. Not disrespecting the fact of that although the nature to be seen as object to be dominated by the man, this does not occur of homogeneous form. Thus being, only one small parcel of the society, has access the great part of this nature, seen here, as resource to be appropriate for ‘ ‘ homem’ ‘.

Arrudas Brook

Because they are become attached to the places where always they had lived. Because they prefer to be next to where they work. Because they are victims of the real estate speculation. Because they had invaded the land. Because they are proprietors and make what them she is of interest, despite opposing the legislation and its proper rights.

Because the public power does not fiscalize of adequate form; it is irresponsible and abetter; does not want to be worn out itself politically. For incapacity, attachment, preference, invasion, irresponsibility or right? Many are the reasons of the most different culprits. E, with the time, the hillsides are invaded and busy plains of flooding under our looks and the most different damages. Then, when we inhabit in an area of risk of boost glide flooding or, we accept the facts and we ahead assume our responsibility of the possible occurrences: marshy and inclined lands go down under the force of the gravity, as well as the plain of the rivers are flooded during the full ones. Technologies against flooding can be employees, but with efficiency never drawn out, have seen the reveses of the Arrudas Brook in Belo Horizonte, against which millions already had been used.

Of form that he is more sensible to respect the natural forces because the shock is inglrio. E, in Itaguara, in turn, of the mounts of the Rosary to the valley of the Conquest also if extends to as many concerns and disputes despite the municipal and federal laws are very clear, especially in relation to the areas that cannot be busy (declivity above of 47%) or whose occupation is submitted the geotcnico finding (areas between 30-47%), or that they are of permanent preservation (30 contiguous meters to each one of the edges of courses d? water with up to 10 meters of width), many, to the default, make to be valid the proper will under its account and risk; indifferent to the consequences, if they worry only about the proper interests. However, in some way, all we are connected and the actions of some happen, more early or later, more or less, on the others! In this direction, imagines if all the devastao and degradation that already we imposed to the planet, really, if to come back against us? Not for pessimism, but for realism: ‘ ‘ the man is the Land, and the Land is the Homem’ ‘ To take care of, then, to the ambient legislation must be faced as the best way of protecting in them of ambient disasters, not as a limiter form of the right of ownership, but for the life! New and urgent conscience and culture on the space are necessary, not only on the part of the public power, but, also, for the civil society! We need more conscience and forecast! To take care of more than the hillsides, moving away our housings from the same ones, as well as of the deep one of the incased valleys! To plant more trees, exactly because the few that existed in the streets of Itaguara had been decimated! We need to consume and to waste little! the edges, waters and animals of the old Conquest? They need protection and to be unobligated to load our sewers.

Federal Constitution

As if it knows, century XIX deeply marked the advance of the urbanization, therefore the urban agglomerations had suffered an intense process, that resulted in the current conditions of the cities, that concentrate, each time more, great part of the world-wide population. In this manner, the municipal governments face great difficulties to control the use and the development of the cities. In this way, the growth them cities is delivers, mainly, to the behavior of the real estate markets, that possess as objective main the immediate attendance to the demands of the different sectors of the city. A federal regulation is had for the first time in Brazilian history, for the urban politics, defining an occupation of intervention in the territory. After more than ten years of fight, the Statute was approved in the National Congress of City, law that regulates the urban politics of the Federal Constitution of 1998. Function of this statute is to guarantee fulfilment of function social of city, what it implies in the establishment of norms of public order and social interest, that regulate the use of the urban property, in favor of the collective good.

In the same felt Souza (2002) it affirms that, … the planning is the preparation for the future management, searching to prevent or to minimize problems and to extend maneuver edges; the management is the efetivao, the least in part … of the conditions that the planning made in the past helped to construct. Far from being competing or interchangeable; planning and management are distinct and complementary (SOUZA, 2002, p.4). For this, the Statute of the City places to the disposal of the cities a series of instruments, that can intervine in the land market and the mechanisms of production of the exclusion.